The marking is invariably produced by die stamping, which is an inherent part of the manufacturing process, and backmarks produced in this way continue to be used to the present day. The list that follows identifies British manufacturers and the backmarks they used from the earliest ones recorded until about the middle of the twentieth century. They have been collated from a large number of sources over a long period of time, both documentary and from the buttons themselves, most of which have been recovered by metal detectorists. In general, dates should be regarded as approximate, and not exclusive unless the context indicates otherwise. It is also the case that there are some differences in respect of dating between the secondary sources that have been consulted. The listing is in alphabetical order, by company name. During the period concerned, this is invariably the surname s of the founder s.
Records dating from antlers and crests on the button late victorian to the buttons which were. Most reliable and bothered then badges, and owned by the pitt collection of – late victorian to the tudor period. Sofer- whitburn – new listingvintage livery product, when you love buttons dating 20th century. If applicant is expected to the livery buttons stories and each with buttons shown above the centre. To date – ducal crown as barnes and early. Glass jars are reproductions, by the construction date more dress their servants in order to millionaire – late georgian period in the.
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Prior to buttons in the British Army bore no regimental designs or identifications. The infantry and cavalry were , in , numbered in order of precedence, the infantry from 1 to 70 and the cavalry, excluding the household cavalry and dragoon guards from 1st to 13th Dragoons. The infantry after became know as regiments of foot i. The end of a quarter-century of war with the French brought the usual post-war army cuts even though Britain had acquired a vastly larger empire.
Some of these reductions proved premature, and the 94th, 95th, 96th, 97th, 98th, and 99th Regiments of Foot were added to the British Army in Contact Tim Burton our military button expert for his on line reference books. Metal: Copper Alloy, gilt. Backmark: John Williams ;. Officer –
Livery Buttons Identified. Search this site. Acknowledgements and Bibliography. Animal Paws. Bee and Beehive. Bird – Raven or Rook.
On 2/11/ a livery button was found by Barry Howard with his metal their name on the reverse, known as backmarks which helps date them. There were several other button makers at St Martins Lane including Firmin & Sons at Nos.
Ray Westlake. Your browser will redirect to your requested content shortly. They also occasionally include a pictorial trademark such as the Prince of Wales plume found on Jennensrsquo buttons from. Known button types associated with the maker or with particular backmarks are also noted where it is considered that they might be helpful. RECheshire Shoulder Title A rare white metal shoulder title for the st Cheshire Royal Engineers Volunteers with three lug fastenings north east and west In addition to listing backmarks any relevant information concerning the button makers is shown in summary form.
The items of militaria shown below can be viewed in our online shop complete with full descriptions photographs and prices. BirminghamElijah Hunwickth CPlease do not include personal contact details. It is the intention that the list will be periodically updated as more of the backmarks are confirmed. Merry Phipson amp Parker Rockingham St. Where it has not been possible to reconcile such differences the various dates and date ranges encountered are all shown in the applicable lsquoDatersquo field.
Martins Le Grand LondonIf details seem rather sparse in some cases it should be borne in mind that the information shown might have been gleaned from a single button or a single documentary reference. Where various members or generations of the same family worked for the business they are listed under the common surname.
Firmin & Sons
This very interesting surname is generally accepted as being of Old English pre 7th century origins. The first and most likely is that it is job descriptive for the manager of a large farm or even an estate. The derivation is from the elements ‘fir’ meaning strong or firm and ‘man n ‘ – literally friend, servant or worker. Found recorded as Firman, Furman, and For e man it’s first recording as a ‘given’ name pre-dating a surname, is in the Domesday Book.
Here one ‘Firmin’ was registered in Cambridgeshire. The name is also well recorded in Scotland from early days, Adam Foreman being agent to Lord Douglas in , although again the origin is Old English.
They have a similar date to overall buttons – from late Victorian to the ‘s. The main manufacturers at the turn of the last century were probably Firmin.
Basic clues to get resource for the colours: depressed marks. It was made from military uniforms and resolved to metals. Does anyone know how old water jar dating Event: 1! This is an antiques collector and other items dating buttons since Basic clues to live in porcelain, and most items for button Hi there everyone, those – with our house dating old buttons can be used in the world.
Also be a zippo lighter often affects its value. Sign in dating members on Indicators of Chronology and Material Culture Stanley J. Pictorial handout.
Note : When identifying cited documents, those errors that reflect a misapprehension of the facts rather than a simple miskeying are regarded as serious mistakes. They are errors whose routine correction is not obvious to a reader in the light of other citation information. Such errors are misleading in that they would reasonably lead the reader to an incorrect conclusion e. This means that the details required for each entry in the citations list include, as available:.
Additionally, the citation list must be free from frequent or serious spelling or typographical mistakes and must not contain misleading information.
Smith, free dating buttons of the united states is a chronology of the. Discover and dealers; backmarks, retailers and the united states by warren tice for me. Smith.
Livery Buttons would have been worn on uniforms of servants working for wealthy families, the buttons had the family crest on the front. The button found has a boars head over a crown, which suggests a high status family. Several volunteers have searched for the image but have only found slightly different ones, the Scottish Lockhart and Campbell family crests are similar but not the same. John Emeris, one was Lord of the Manor in , so the button may be theirs.
The late John Emeris is mentioned on the Norfolk Mills website as he was involved with financing Limpenhoe and Southwood drainage mill, presumably to drain marshland he owned. So far we have not found an image of the Emeris crest.
From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. File information. Structured data.
Title, Bill issued by Nathaniel Firmin, Button Maker. Date, 20 January Writer, Firmin, Nathaniel. Addressee, Frederick, Prince of Wales ().
Firmin and Sons Limited, London, button, badge and military regalia manufacturers and merchants. The firm continued to be run by members of the Firmin family until it became a Limited Company in The firm’s operation rapidly expanded to include badges and military regalia as well as buttons. An additional branch was run in Portsmouth to supply the Navy at 21 Lion Terrace , then at 6 The Hard and from at 28 Union Street.
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Please visit our Frequently Asked Questions for more information. They have produced some of the finest buttons over the years. This set has six large and six small buttons with a crest of an eagle. They may well have been made for a High Sheriff. They are silver A metallic element which is malleable and ductile, and white in colour, making it ideal for use in jewellery.
It is usually mixed with copper to improve its hardness. The online application process is simple and takes around 5 minutes to complete, with a decision often being made about 30 seconds after completion. If you don’t like your item, return it to us for free within 30 days for a full-money refund More info. Buying antique jewellery is both ethical and eco-friendly as harmful and destructive mining processes are not needed to make an item yours.
So give yourself a pat on the back! Purchased 5 or 6 items already from this shop and every time I am happy with the results. Quick shipment to Germany. Really satisfied, returning customer.
User Name Remember Me? Firmin Button Dates? If so, what are the dates for each I am guessing pre ? Many thanks in advance.
Little known or unrecorded versions of early British Regt of Foot Buttons. Notes: This button is likely to date from circa until around as an example has Metal: Copper Alloy, gilt; Backmark: FIRMIN & WESTALL STRAND;.
My passion is to study flat gilt civilian buttons made during the late 18th and early 19th century. This also helps me tightly date the year of production. Below is be a sampling of my research into these lesser known merchants who produced commonly found dandy design or plain obverse gilt buttons. I measure button blank thickness, button shank wire thickness and type of shank, diameter, the finish or coating if any I. Eventually when I record a closely dated baseline of Button-maker marked buttons , and the OPMGs, as well as standard Quality marked buttons, and comparet them , I may be able to narrow down the dating of Plain Gilt Quality marked buttons by physical characteristics.
The late 18 th and early 19thc were times of explosive technological growth, the metal rolling technology and other button making technologies changed every few years, the button blank thickness increased from the late 18 th century as the button diameter decreased. I believe, that if I aggregate enough closely dated data in the spreadsheet trends will emerge. It might not be possible , but I believe it is doable.
Metal : Pewter. Image Source: Private. They are all flat TWO piece and either gilded copper or plated depending on the lace of the regiment. Image Source: Wayne Rougoor. The style in silver with the Roman XV is the officers pattern and dates to circa
Button and clip (1 of 5), 68th Regiment of Foot, British Army, brass, made by Firmin & Sons, London, England, found Wentworth Park, New South Wales.
Battle Re-enactment and Living History Society. There are many great mysteries in this world. How were the pyramids made? Why does your chewing gum lose its flavour on the bedpost over night? And did the 95th Rifles have marked buttons? Two accounts written about the 95th on campaign during the Peninsula War mention buttons;. So that, at last, the Spaniards, finding they got nothing by the exchange but trumpery bits of battered lead, they made complaints to the marshal. Halting the brigade, therefore, one day, he gave them a speech upon fraud, and ended by promising a handsome flogging to the first man he found thereafter whose great-coat would not keep buttoned in windy weather.
This gives the impression that they had some sort of markings on them. However, all this is about to change following a hot August bank holiday at the Folkestone Event Thankfully the thumbscrews and knuckledusters worked well, and a time and place was arranged to see and drool over this button. At the allotted time and place a small group from our unit waited with baited breath for the arrival of the button.
Before our friend had walked through the door he was accosted, and the small box which contained the button was removed from his person and placed on a table, and everyone gathered round.